The war between India and Pakistan in 1965 was an escalation of minor and irregular struggles between April 1965 and September 1965 between the two countries.  The aim was to control the resources and population of Jammu and Kashmir, a sensitive point between the two countries since the division in 1947.  Security Council Resolution 39 of April 1948 established a United Nations Commission (United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan – UNCIP) to mediate between India and Pakistan to end the fighting in Kashmir and hold a referendum. After negotiations with both sides, the Commission adopted a three-part resolution in August 1948 and then added a “complement”. The three sides relate to the ceasefire, the terms of the ceasefire and the negotiating procedures related to the referendum. The two countries accepted the resolution and a ceasefire was concluded on 31 December 1948. Dialogue with Kashmir. Relations between the federal government in New Delhi and the public authorities in Srinagar have improved, but more could be done. There must be a resumption of debate on Article 370 of the Constitution, which grants Kashmir a high degree of autonomy, a commitment to a ceasefire and a willingness to implement policies to improve security, human rights and economic well-being in the province. Pakistan`s relations with Muzaffarabad and the Kashmir region under its control must also be reassessed: Pakistan should allow free elections and reduce the role of the security forces. It should also discuss constitutional and legal amendments that undermine the governance of the territory. 2007: On 18 February, rail traffic between India and Pakistan (the Samjhauta Express) was bombed near Panipat, north of New Delhi.
68 people are killed and dozens injured. S.K. Sinha said that Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru had informed the Indian delegation prior to the Karachi meeting, telling them that the UN resolution recognized the legality of Kashmir`s accession to India and that, therefore, any “no man`s land” would belong to India. The Pakistani delegation should provide the UN Commission with proof of its actual positions of control over the entire territory they claim. Sinha explained that, on the basis of this principle, the agreement delimited several hundred square kilometres of territory on the Indian side, although there were no Indian troops in the area.  2014 – On 1 May, the head of the Pakistani army, General Raheel Sharif Kajmir, called Pakistan`s “jugular ade” and that the dispute should be resolved in accordance with the wishes and aspirations of the Kachmiris and in accordance with UN Security Council resolutions for a lasting peace in the region.