Canada-Ontario Agreement On Great Lakes Water Quality And Ecosystem Health

and that the parties recognize that Canada is responsible for implementing its binational obligations in the Canada-U.S. water quality agreement and that Ontario is prepared to support Canada in the manner under this agreement; This agreement will enter into force on December 18, 2014 and the parties recognize the need to intensify efforts to address new and persistent threats to water quality and the health of Great Lakes ecosystems, including invasive aquatic species, excessive nutrients, harmful pollutants, ship spills, climate change and loss of habitat and species; and whereas the parties recognize that the restoration and improvement of water quality and the health of the Great Lakes ecosystem cannot be achieved by dealing in isolation with individual threats, but rather depends on the application of an ecosystem approach that addresses individually and cumulatively to all sources of stress for the Great Lakes; and that the parties recognize the strong link between Great Lakes water quality and human health and the positive effects of the use and consumption of large, healthy lakes on individuals and communities; and whereas the parties recognize that the Great Lakes contain about 20% of the world`s surface freshwater and that less than 1% of the water is renewed each year by precipitation; and recognizing that the 2012 federal sanitation regulations set national quality standards for stolen wastewater products in Canada; and whereas, since 1971, the parties have collaborated through a series of agreements between Canada and Ontario that have guided their efforts to improve water quality and lake ecosystem health and helped fulfill Canada`s obligations under the Canada-United Lakes Water Quality Agreement; Canada and Ontario recognize that a new Canada-Ontario agreement may not be concluded and will enter into force before 2020. If a new Canada-Ontario agreement is not yet in place, when the current agreement expires, our great lakes cooperation can continue as we work to finalize the new Canada-Ontario agreement. Appendix 9: Groundwater Quality Appendix 10: Effects of Climate Change and Resilience We want to conclude a new canada-Ontario agreement to restore, protect and preserve water quality and the health of Great Lakes ecosystems. and considering that the parties reaffirm their determination to cooperate in the implementation of the Canada-U.S. Water Quality Agreement and to promote the environmental objectives of Ontario`s Great Lakes Strategy in a manner consistent with the vision and purpose of the agreement; This would be the ninth agreement between the two levels of government and aims to promote measures to address key Great Lakes challenges, such as improving wastewater and stormwater management and reducing pollution, including a new focus on road salt and plastic pollution. and whereas the parties recognize that the Great Lakes region has about 33 per cent of Canada`s population and that seven of Canada`s 20 largest cities live and that the Great Lakes directly provide drinking water to more than 10 million Ontario residents; Since 1971, a series of Agreements between Canada and Ontario on the Great Lakes (Canada-Ontario Agreement) have enabled both governments, along with local partners, to address the greatest challenges facing the Great Lakes. While these efforts have led to dramatic improvements, pollution, climate change and the loss of natural heritage continue to threaten the health of these waterways. and recognizing the need to restore, protect and preserve coastal areas, in addition to seawater, as they are the main source of drinking water for communities where the greatest human trade and recreation takes place and where critical ecological links between the watersheds and open waters of the Great Lakes are located; Appendix 1: Nutrients Appendix 2: Pollua